Evagrius recognized eight logismoi (“fatal viewpoint”) as well as a keen overarching envision the guy called “passion for notice”

New Enneagram away from Identification (or simply the fresh Enneagram, on the Greek terminology ennea [nine] and grammos [some thing created or pulled]) try a model of human identification which is principally made use of given that a good typology off nine interrelated identification systems. Principally created by identification types (often referred to as “enneatypes”), that are portrayed by things off a geometric contour named an enneagram , [1] which also implies some of the relationships involving the items. And there’s other colleges regarding envision one of Enneagram theorists in the specific aspects of the way it was understood, its translation is not always unified or consistent. [1]

The newest Enneagram out of Character isn’t an excellent typology that is commonly trained otherwise investigated when you look at the academic psychology. This has been widely marketed in both company administration and you will religious contexts thanks to seminars, group meetings, courses, magazines and you may Dvds. [2] [3] Operating contexts it is generally used as the an effective typology to help you get insights for the place of work personality; in the spirituality it’s more commonly demonstrated due to the fact a route to higher says to be, substance and you can [2] but might have been slammed as actually subject to translation, it is therefore hard to take to or verify medically. [4]


The origins and historical development of the Enneagram of Personality are matters of dispute. Wiltse and Palmer [5] have suggested that similar ideas to the Enneagram of Personality are found in the work of Evagrius Ponticus , a Christian mystic who lived in 4th century Alexandria. Evagrius wrote, “The first thought of all is that of love of self (philautia); after this, [come] the eight.” Cite error: Invalid tag; invalid names, e.g. too many In addition to identifying eight deadly thoughts, Evagrius also identified eight “remedies” to these thoughts. [5]

[pass called for] The guy did not, although not, write the fresh new 9 personality sizes associated with the Enneagram. [pass called for] of one’s contemporary Enneagram regarding Identity. Ichazo’s “Enneagon of Ego Fixations”, along with many other proportions of personality mapped to the the new enneagram profile, versions the basis of your own Enneagram regarding Identification. Bolivian-born Ichazo began practise programs regarding thinking-growth in this new 1950s. Their training, which he calls ” [1] and you may created the phrase “Enneagram of Character”. [2]

[citation called for] Certainly Naranjo’s early children there are even differing understandings out of Enneagram theory. [1] Several most other writers, together with Enneagram profile

enneagram figure is commonly consisting of about three pieces; a group, an internal triangle (hooking up step 3-6-9) and an unequal hexagonal “periodic shape” (hooking up step 1-4-2-8-5-7). Based on mystical religious way of living, [6] the fresh new system shows unity, the inner triangle shows the newest “law out of around three” additionally the hexagon signifies the “rules from 7” (since 1-4-2-8-5-7-step one ‘s the repeating decimal created by dividing you to definitely by the 7 inside ft 10 arithmetic [7] ). This type of about three elements make up the brand new enneagram shape. [8]

Nine designs

Brand new table below provides the principal features of 9 models making use of their very first relationships. This desk will be based upon Understanding the Enneagram: The Fundamental Help guide to Personality Products (changed version) of the Wear Richard Riso and you will Russ Hudson . [9] Almost every other theorists get differ toward particular elements. New items are typically known from the its wide variety, however, either its “characteristic spots” (and that relates to distinctive [10] ) are utilized alternatively. The brand new “stress” and you can “security” activities (sometimes called the new “disintegration” and you can “integration” points) are definitely the models, linked because of the outlines of your enneagram figure, that are considered dictate a person in much more adverse or informal products. According to it concept, anybody classified as the a-one type of, such as for example, may turn to believe, getting and you may work a lot more like a four particular whenever troubled, or even more such as for example a Eight method of when informal.

Extremely, not every, Enneagram of Identification theorists show one to a person’s earliest sort of is changed, at least to some degree, by the identity personality of these two adjoining systems given that indicated into enneagram profile. These two brands usually are titled “wings”. Men of Around three identification type of, for example, try know for points A few and Five since their side systems. The fresh system of the enneagram figure may indicate that models or things are present on a spectrum rather than since type of models or factors not related to the people right beside her or him. [admission requisite] A guy could be know, hence, to have a key particular plus one or one or two wing items one dictate but never change the key sort of. [11] [12]

Fret and you may shelter issues

New contours within points include after that meaning towards the advice provided by brand new meanings of one’s models. Sometimes called the “security” and you can “stress” things, otherwise activities regarding “integration” and you may “disintegration”, these linked facts in addition to sign up for another person’s total identification. There are, ergo, at the very least five other things that is also significantly affect someone’s key identification; both points connected by the contours towards the core sorts of plus the a few side points. [13] [14]

Instinctual subtypes

Each of the identification products often is knew since the which have three subtypes. These types of around three subtypes are considered to-be shaped considering and therefore certainly about three instinctive vitality out of one is dominantly arranged and you can conveyed. The fresh new instinctual vitality are often called “self-preservation”, “sexual” (also known as “intimacy” otherwise “one-to-one”) and “social”. On the instinctive height, some one could possibly get inside the house fret and on the exterior display the necessity to include on their own (self-preservation), to connect having extremely important anybody else otherwise couples (sexual), or perhaps to get on or succeed in organizations (social). [15] Out of this direction, you can find twenty-seven collection of character models, because people of any of one’s nine brands along with go to town among the about datingranking.net/tr/swingstown-inceleme three subtypes. [16] An option way of the latest subtypes talks about them because three domains otherwise clusters regarding intuition that result in increased odds of emergency (brand new “preserving” domain), increased experience for the navigating this new social environment (the new “navigating” domain) and you may enhanced likelihood of reproductive victory (this new “transmitting” domain). [17] Out of this understanding the subtypes echo private variations in the exposure of these around three separate clusters out of instincts.

It is basically considered that anybody form throughout around three versions away from instinctual powers but this package usually reigns over. Centered on particular theorists other gut could be really-put up additionally the 3rd will significantly faster create. [18]

Roman Catholic criticism

For the 2000, brand new Joined States’ Committee with the Doctrine lead a great write report on new origins of the Enneagram to simply help bishops within comparison of its use in its dioceses. Brand new report known areas of new intersection between the Enneagram and you can Catholicism hence, inside their advice, warranted kind of scrutiny and you will was basically seen as potential areas of question, saying that “Because enneagram program shares absolutely nothing which have traditional Christian philosophy or spirituality, it shares little into tips and you will conditions of modern research. The duty away from facts is on supporters of one’s enneagram to help you give medical proof due to their claims.” [19] Partly as a result to some [20] [21]